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Conferencia global sobre la suficiencia alimentaria.

Alex Danau, 12 de mayo de 2009

Todas las versiones de este artículo: [English] [Español] [français]

Towards sustainable food production and consumption

The world food crisis is a major threat and one of the main political challenges for the coming decades. Famines and subtle hunger spread on a local and regional level, in rural as well as in urban areas. But the causes for the crisis are globally connected and solutions must be found on the local as well as on the global level.

With this conference on global food sufficiency we wish to raise the question how local, regional, national and global food systems can provide sufficient and wholesome food for all. We wish to see how the current concepts of self sufficiency, food security, and food sovereignty can contribute to political and practical solutions in the fight against hunger as well as reduce wasteful food consumption.

The videoconference will simultaneously connect civil society and decision-makers from Asia (regional conference in Manila), Africa (regional conference in Dakar), Latin America (regional conference in Brasilia), and North America (regional conference in Washington DC) with a regional conference in the European Parliament in Brussels.

Each regional conference will provide an analysis on proposals on the key food problems of the region, possible solutions to existing food insecurity and suggestions for common global action. Each region will have a one hour slot to make its points clear with question and answer time from the other regions.

Organisers and venues of the regional conferences:

- Africa
Conseil National de Concertation et de Coopération des Ruraux (CNCR)

Réseau des organisations paysannes et de producteurs de l’Afrique de l’Ouest (ROPPA),

at the Representation of the European Commission Dakar, Senegal

- Asia
Asian Partnership for the Development of Human Resources in Rural Asia (ASIADHRRA)

Asian Farmers’ Association for Sustainable Rural Development (AFA),

at the Asian Development Bank (ADB), Manila, Philippines

- South America
FETRAF (Federaçao dos Trabalhadores na Agricultura Familiar)

at the National Council of Food and Nutrition Security to the Brazilian Government (CONSEA), Brasilia, Brazil

- North America
The Institute for Agricultural Trade Policy (IATP)

at the Representation of the European Commission, Washington, USA

- Europe
CSA (Collectif stratégies alimentaires), The Greens/EFA in the European Parliament

at the European Parliament, Brussels, Belgium

See :

- Regional papers
- Action points (coming soon)

The conference will end in common conclusions and proposals for global actions.

The challenge

The World Food Crisis - a major threat

The world food crisis is a major threat. Now almost one billion people go hungry. Most of them live in rural areas or in slums around cities. Lacking land and jobs, they cannot feed themselves. Global food stocks are at the lowest level in forty years. On top of that, climate change will make harvests insecure and the threat of famines will become more severe, mainly in the global South.

Growing populations and competition for land - an explosive mixture

With globally growing populations and emerging consumer economies in China, India and Brazil, competition for land between food and energy production is rapidly growing. Production costs for oil-dependent agriculture increase, while soils, water and biodiversity are depleted in many regions of the world. Adding the current global financial and economical crisis this is an explosive mixture.

No fair share of global energy and food resources

North America and Europe today consume about 60% of the world’s available energy and 40% of the world’s food, representing 19% of the world’s population. In Europe, about 30% of available food is thrown away. Industrial processing, long distance transport between farms and consumers, as well as wasteful production patterns and consumption habits contribute to this extreme loss. This is unethical and unfair.

Challenging the agro-industrial model: enhancing local food security

Furthermore, agro-industrial meat production, based on feedstuffs which are mainly imported from developing countries or emerging economies compete with sustainable, low input local food systems. The recently published world agriculture report of the United Nations (IAASTD) points out that small scale and organic farming is more productive and less resource consuming as compared to agro-industrial production. However, the Common agriculture policy of the EU still promotes industrialised, high input and export-oriented agriculture.

A Green New Deal for global food sufficiency

In order to avoid rising conflicts on access to energy and food, a GLOBAL GREEN DEAL must tackle these unsustainable and wasteful patterns of food production and consumption and support people in changing lifestyles. In order to achieve a sustainable food system and a fair share of global food resources, the growing pressure on natural resources for food, feed and fuel must be substantially reduced.

Beyond food security and food aid - common food sufficiency

Discussing the concept of common food sufficiency will go beyond the often technical debate on global food security, which does not challenge the problems linked to global food trade and food aid. The conference will focus on the human right to sufficient and healthy food, and it will challenge wasteful food production and consumption patterns. It will include the relevant stakeholders and actors from around the world in this debate.

The format

The global video conference experiment
This conference is an experiment which uses videoconferencing in order to connect simultaneous regional conferences dealing with the same issue: How to achieve global food sufficiency. The format will allow avoiding large distance travel. Participants may not be able to communicate as if they were in the same room. But they may better grasp the dimension of the food crisis and agree on possible common action.

With just short time slots for contributions of each region, the conference format demands a high focus on key messages and strict discipline of the participants to respect time limits of their presentations.

The conference will be moderated from the European Parliament in Brussels, but it will offer to the parallel regional conferences in Asia (Manila, Philippines), West Africa (Dakar, Senegal), Latin America (Brasilia, Brazil), and the USA (Washington DC) to manage their one hour input independently.

The one hour slots include 30 minutes for short presentations or internal debates on reasons for food insecurity, possible solutions and suggestions for common global action between the regions.

Themes

The perspective of the Philippines may focus on the question of good governance in the field of food security, the empowerment of small farmers and on the demand for a local and regional stock-keeping system in order to stabilize farm gate prices and agricultural markets.

The West African perspective may demand for the appreciation of alternative food cultures such as family farms, local and regional markets and discuss strategies to make food production systems more sustainable regarding environmental threats.

The European perspective may focus on the negative impact of competitiveness and export oriented EU farm policy and the negative impact of feed imports, as well as on failures in the internal food system – the constant decrease of farm revenues, increased market power of retailers and increased waste of food.

The Brazilian perspective may focus on contradictions and complementarities between family farming based food production and export oriented production of commodities. The assembly of CONSEA on Zero Hunger programme of the government may allow participants to analyse the options for farmers’ organisations and consumers to achieve a fair deal

The North American perspective may wish to discuss internal and external food aid and the role of the US farming sector in a global food sufficiency system. The impacts of the current financial crisis as well as the speculation on food commodities on global food security will also be main points.

Programme

Suficiencia Alimentaria Mundial: Hacia una producción y un consumo de alimentos sostenibles

Miércoles, 29 de abril de 2009 de las 9.30 a las 18.30 horas (hora central europea)

Videoconferencia
Parlamento Europeo, espacio JAN 2Q2 - 60, rue Wiertz - 1047 Bruselas - Bélgica

PROGRAMA

Miércoles, 29 de abril de 2009

09:30 (9.30, hora de Bruselas y Dakar, 15.30 en Manila)

Bienvenida a cargo de Monica Frassoni, copresidenta del Grupo de los Verdes en el Parlamento Europeo, y Friedrich Wilhelm Graefe zu Baringdorf, vicepresidente de la Comisión de Agricultura del Parlamento Europeo

09:45 (Dakar 7:45, Manila 15:45)

Mensaje central a cargo de Mamadou Cissokho, dirigente agrícola, facilitador de la Plataforma Panafricana de Organizaciones de Agricultores

10:00 Manila (16:00)

Manila: una perspectiva asiática sobre la suficiencia alimentaria (Con comentarios específicos sobre gobernanza alimentaria, reservas de alimentos locales, capacitación de los agricultores e infraestructuras de desarrollo rural y sostenibilidad medioambiental)

10:30 (Dakar 8:30, Manila 16:30)

Comentarios desde Dakar y Bruselas

10:45 Opiniones desde el punto de vista asiático

11:00 (Dakar 9:00)

Dakar: una perspectiva africana sobre la suficiencia alimentaria (Con comentarios concretos sobre la cultura y mercados alimentarios domésticos y regionales; reservas de alimentos y gestión de la oferta alimentaria, incluyendo la política agrícola y comercial regional y doméstica)

11:30 Comentarios desde Manila y Bruselas

11:45 Opiniones desde el punto de vista africano (9:45)

12:00 Bienvenida a los participantes de Brasilia

12:00 (7:00 Brasilia)

Una perspectiva latinoamericana sobre la suficiencia alimentaria (Con comentarios específicos sobre el programa "hambre cero" en Brasil: retos para el modelo agroindustrial: perspectivas para aumentar la seguridad alimentaria con la agricultura familiar sostenible, y sobre cómo vincular la suficiencia alimentaria urbana con la agricultura familiar y el desarrollo rural)

12:30 Comentarios desde Manila, Dakar y Bruselas

12:45 Opiniones desde Brasilia y comentarios finales antes de abandonar la conferencia (Manila)

13:00 Almuerzo

15:00 Bienvenida a los participantes de Washington

(15.00, hora de Bruselas y Dakar, 9.00, hora de Washington, y 10.00, hora de Brasilia)

Breve resumen de los resultados de la sesión matinal

15:15

Bruselas: una perspectiva europea sobre la suficiencia alimentaria (Importaciones de piensos y reintegro de la producción de cosechas y carnes, suficiencia alimentaria y biocombustibles, desperdicio de alimentos, criterios de sostenibilidad y suficiencia para el respaldo público; reconexión entre agricultores y consumidores)

15:45 Comentarios desde Dakar, Washington y Brasilia

16:15 Opiniones desde Bruselas

16:30 (Washington 11:30)

Perspectiva norteamericana de la suficiencia alimentaria (Con comentarios concretos sobre: producciones sostenibles y prácticas de consumo; cómo controlar la especulación en las materias primas alimentarias y los biocombustibles; y la ayuda alimentaria interna y externa)

17:00 Comentarios desde Dakar, Brasilia y Bruselas

17:15 Opiniones desde Washington

17:30

Hacia un plan de acción mundial para lograr la suficiencia alimentaria mundial

Ronda final de debate con todas las conferencias regionales participantes

18:15 Conclusiones

18:30 Final de la videoconferencia

Traducción sumultánea prevista en Inglés, Francés y Portugués.

Who is behind the video-conference?

- In the Philippines

AFA - Asian Farmers’ Association for Sustainable Rural Development

Since 2002, AFA has organized for its members, 15 regional and 13 national consultations on agricultural trade liberalization, mainstreaming sustainable agriculture, climate change, regional economic integration; 4 training workshops on leadership, organizational management, advocacy: 3 farmers’ exchange visits on farmers’ organizing, agrarian reform, sustainable agriculture technologies, farmer-led marketing and trading, agricultural processing; 7 issue papers translated in eight Asian national languages; participated in 48 gatherings organized by UN, FAO, IFAD, ASEAN, key CSO coalitions.

www.asianfarmers.org

AsiaDHRRA - Asian Partnership for the Development of Human Resources in Rural Asia

Both AFA and AsiaDHRRA are part of the Solidarity for Asian Peoples’ Advocacy (SAPA) which looks at policy advocacy and engagement of key intergovernmental bodies at regional and global levels, where AsiaDHRRA is a member of the Steering Committee and co-convener of the Rural Development Working Group (RDWG) under SAPA. Both are members of the ASEAN-Working Group which engages ASEAN on its three community pillars towards integration (Political and Security, Economic, and Socio-Cultural).

www.asiadhrra.org

- In West Africa and Senegal

CNCR - Conseil National de Concertation & de Coopération des Ruraux

CNCR was created in 1993 and contributes to the development of peasant farming in Senegal through the organisation of the various rural actors. It promotes communication and cooperation of its members and of the political dialogue with political decision-makers of the region of West-Africa.

www.cncr.org

ROPPA - Réseau des organisations paysannes et de producteurs de l’Afrique de l’Ouest

ROPPA, created in 2000, is the network of the national FOs (see Annex 1.c for the list of members) from twelve[1][1] of the fifteen ECOWAS countries and maintains regular coordination with some of the largest national organisations from the other three countries – namely Nigeria, Ghana and Sierra Leone. It represents about 45 million small producers, cattle farmers and fishermen, to whom the national organisations deliver advice, support and diverse services for the promotion of their activities and profile.

ROPPA’s objective is to strengthen the capacities of African FOs to defend the interests of their members and to influence the policies linked to agriculture, rural development and food security. It aims at this through (i) promotion of values of competitive and sustainable agriculture based on family farming and agricultural producers; (ii) support to the formation and structuring of producer organisations in each country; (iii) training and informing the agricultural socio-professional organisations based on the experiences of their members and those of other development actors; (iv) promoting inter-African solidarity and (v) representing the farmers’ organisations and agricultural producers in sub-regional, regional and international levels.

ROPPA is actively advocating the interests of small-scale and family farming in the sub-region and in international level, aiming to promote agricultural and commercial policies that would benefit all producers. It has a fundamental role in supporting national organisations’ initiatives and in strengthening their capacities. ROPPA has also taken up a coordinating role in various pan-African activities undertaken jointly by the African regional FOs networks.

www.roppa.info

-  In Brazil

FETRAF - Federaçao dos Trabalhadores na Agricultura Familiar

FETRAF is a trade union and movement of family farmers. FETRAF-SUL is a regional organization based in the southern Brazilian states of Paraná, Santa Catarina, and Rio Grande do Sul. FETRAF-SUL has 100,000 members and works with 300,000 union and non-union families.

Through its organizing, FETRAF-SUL has developed networks of economically autonomous farmers (union and non-union) building on-the-farm agro-industries. The farmers add value to their farm products with the agro-industries, taking the transformed products all the way to market. In addition to this, FETRAF has negotiated as a union with the government for credit, housing, and education. (Click here to read an interview with Altemir Antonio Tortelli, general coordinator of FETRAF-SUL).

www.fetrafsul.org.br

CONSEA - National Food and Nutritional Safety Council

The CONSEA is an instrument of articulation between government and civil society for the proposal of guidelines for action in food and nutrition safety. Installed in 2003, the Council is consultative and advises the President of the Republic in the formulation of policies and definition of guidelines so the Country secures the human right to food. CONSEA encourages society to take part in the formulation, execution and monitoring of the Food and Nutritional Safety policies and regards the organization of society as an essential condition for social conquests and definitively surmount exclusion.

www.consea.mg.gov.br

- In the United States

IATP - The Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy

IATP works locally and globally at the intersection of policy and practice to ensure fair and sustainable food, farm and trade systems. The Trade and Global Governance program promotes democratic institutions, human rights, a healthy environment, and fairer global rules in food and agriculture. IATP supports the notion of food sufficiency as a means to frame a new model for agriculture that strengthens the Right to Food and promotes concrete policy reforms to support resilient, local food systems and sustainable agriculture.

www.iatp.org

- In Europe

CSA - Collectif Stratégies Alimentaires

CSA is a Brussels based development NGO specialized in agricultural and food policy issues. The organization works in three main areas: Organizing dialogue between NGOs at local, national, European and international levels; Supporting the organisation of national, regional and international farmers’ movements and Advocacy work on agricultural and food policies. The organisation’s approach involves simultaneous efforts to: a) Develop consultation with different types of NGOs (development, environment, consumers) and farmers’ organisations. B) Create direct links between farming and rural organisations in the South and farmers’ organisations in the North (plus South-South and North-North connections).

www.csa-be.org

The Green/EFA group in the European Parliament

For many years The Green/EFA Gropup has been running the Green Food Campaign ("Join the Food Revolution") putting pressure on policy makers and European Institutions to reform the European Common Agriculture Policy (CAP) in order to move away from industrialized and export oriented factory farming and to reconnect farmers with consumers to achieve fair farm gate prices and reasonable consumer prices, to sustain the diversity of European family farming and to promote sustainable food production and consumption systems.

www.greens-efa.org

Regionales

Europa redefine sus políticas agroalimentarias

¿Qué parte del problema le corresponde a Europa?

La Unión Europea es un actor mundial en la producción, procesado, consumo y comercio de alimentos. Sin embargo, sus veintisiete Estados miembros son en conjunto importadores netos de productos agropecuarios y alimentarios. Un porcentaje muy elevado de los piensos consumidos en la UE son importados. Gracias a esas importaciones y a las diversas formas de subsidios se fomenta la exportación de carne procesada, leche y cereales. Tanto las importaciones de piensos como los subsidios propician la especialización y la concentración de la producción en unas pocas regiones de la UE. En consecuencia, el sistema alimentario de la UE no es sostenible. Depende en buena medida de las importaciones y de la ayuda pública, divide a las zonas rurales y los agricultores entre unos pocos que salen ganando y numerosos perdedores, y socava los sistemas alimentarios de otras regiones del mundo.

Aunque los objetivos históricos de la Política Agrícola Común (PAC) de la UE hacían hincapié en la seguridad alimentaria de los consumidores y en garantizar unos ingresos suficientes para los agricultores, el actual sistema alimentario de la UE está dominado por el principio de la competitividad mundial de su industria agrícola. Como resultado, desaparece la diversidad biológica y económica de los sistemas agrícolas, mataderos e industrias lácteas a pequeña escala, que pueden ofrecer un suministro de alimentos local. Un porcentaje creciente de los alimentos que los consumidores adquieren es procesado. Las distancias cada vez mayores que recorren los alimentos entre la granja y la mesa de los consumidores alejan a los agricultores de los consumidores. Esto permite que distribuidores minoristas y supermercados atesoren poder de mercado y aumenten su cuota de valor añadido alimentario. Asimismo, se desperdicia hasta el 30 % de los alimentos, aunque el número de hambrientos aumenta incluso en Europa.

¿Cuáles son las posibles aportaciones de Europa a la solución?

El principio de suficiencia daría prioridad a una agricultura y un sistema de distribución de alimentos sostenibles, que proporcionen alimentos sanos en un volumen suficiente para todos los ciudadanos y un ingreso justo para los agricultores, además de incluir la mejor gestión posible del agua, el suelo, la biodiversidad y el paisaje. Por tanto, la reforma de la PAC, que tiene que estar lista antes de 2013, debe incorporar criterios medioambientales, laborales y de salud pública en el sistema alimentario, incluyendo nuevos retos en los objetivos e instrumentos de esa política, como el del cambio climático.

En el ámbito global, la UE debe utilizar su influencia en las negociaciones multilaterales, como el proceso de Kyoto, las negociaciones comerciales y el convenio sobre biodiversidad, en pos de unos objetivos más ambiciosos que establezcan sistemas globales de suficiencia alimentaria. En esas negociaciones deben incluirse prioridades no comerciales, como las referidas a normas medioambientales y sociales, así como a la soberanía alimentaria de los Estados. Deben promoverse normas sobre el acceso cualificado al mercado y métodos para reducir el CO2 en la producción y consumo de alimentos, tanto en la investigación como en la práctica cotidiana. Hay que eliminar inmediatamente los subsidios a la exportación, sustituyéndolos por sistemas de gestión de la oferta orientados a la demanda interna que sean eficientes y flexibles.

Los interlocutores europeos abogan por una actuación global

Debemos trabajar globalmente por un sistema alimentario inspirado en la suficiencia, al tiempo que solucionamos nuestros problemas. Los alimentos deben ser considerados como bienes y valores comunes por productores y consumidores. Los precios alimentarios deben internalizar todos los costes sociales y medioambientales externalizados. Los mercados locales deben ser los principales proveedores de alimentos. El comercio internacional tiene que basarse en una organización justa y respetuosa con el medio ambiente.

Abastecimiento mundial de bienes: una perspectiva desde África oriental

África busca una agricultura productiva, creadora de riqueza, rentable y sostenible

Particularidades

África todavía dispone de tierras útiles y recursos naturales diversificados, pero no consigue producir lo suficiente para su propia alimentación y cada año importa productos alimenticios por valor de 20 000 millones. La agricultura africana se basa en dos sistemas de producción:

- a) Las explotaciones familiares constituyen más del 85 % de la producción agrícola. Estas explotaciones, en su mayoría de tamaño medio, son multifuncionales y su producción se destina a la autosuficiencia alimentaria de los hogares y los mercados locales, pero también a los mercados de exportación (algodón, cacahuetes, plátanos, aceite de palma, etc.). Millones de campesinos africanos, en su mayoría analfabetos, se encuentran dispersos por el continente y están mal organizados. Producen alimentos en condiciones difíciles y conforman la mayor parte del grupo de personas pobres y que viven en situación de inseguridad alimentaria (40 % de la población total). El ajuste estructural del periodo 1980-1985 endureció las condiciones de vida en el entorno rural, puesto que impusieron a los Estados la privatización y liberalización de la economía a través del desmantelamiento de las sociedades de desarrollo. Esto se produjo además en un contexto de sequía y crisis económica (1973-1984, etc.). Las zonas rurales han sufrido la falta de inversiones públicas y no se ha tenido en cuenta el modo de vida de las poblaciones en los programas destinados a ellas. Los jóvenes han abandonado el campo para trasladarse a las ciudades o al extranjero y se han convertido en proveedores de ayuda a los campesinos, sus progenitores.

- b) Las explotaciones dedicadas a la exportación (café-cacao-plátanos-piña-maíz) ocupan superficies bastante extensas en algunos países (Kenia, Ghana, Costa de Marfil, Tanzania, varios países de África central), donde emplean a una mano de obra asalariada mal remunerada y hacen uso de la mecanización.

Cambios importantes que se han producido en los últimos 10 años

Los campesinos han creado y estructurado grupos, aldeas a escala nacional y subregional. Los Estados han dinamizado de nuevo las organizaciones subregionales a fin de fomentar su integración. La agricultura vuelve a ser una prioridad en las políticas y los programas de desarrollo. La OUA se ha convertido en la Unión Africana y se ha implicado en la definición y la aplicación del NEPAD, en el que la agricultura constituye un aspecto prioritario. Las negociaciones entre la OMC y los acuerdos de cooperación económica ofrecen a los campesinos espacios para dialogar y reforzar mejor sus estructuras. El cambio climático se materializa y se suma al aumento de los precios y las crisis alimentarias. Las redes de organizaciones campesinas se alían con movimientos sociales a fin de defender la soberanía alimentaria, el respeto de los modos de vida, la gestión de la oferta y la regulación de los mercados.

Nuestras responsabilidades sobre nuestros problemas

Exigir responsabilidades a los cargos electos en todos los niveles, elaborar políticas agrícolas y agroalimentarias de consenso para defender las culturas de las distintas regiones y desarrollar los valores culinarios. Desarrollar mercados subregionales protegidos. Invertir en la agricultura, la ganadería, la pesca y la silvicultura. Controlar la gestión sostenible de los recursos naturales. Establecer alianzas con los movimientos sociales que defienden los mismos valores. Desarrollar la autocrítica y preparar nuestras propias estrategias de desarrollo.

The challenge of Food self-sufficiency in Southeast Asia

Global Food Sufficiency: The Asian Perspective

Agriculture continues to contribute to the engine of growth for the economy of the countries of ASEAN. With rice being the common staple food for the people of ASEAN, the sector is closely linked to food security situation in the region.

Rice is also the most important crop to millions of small farmers who grow it on millions of hectares throughout the region, and to the many landless workers who derive income from working on these farms. At low levels of income, when meeting energy needs is a serious concern, people tend to eat coarse grains and root crops such as cassava and sweet potato. At that lowest stage of economic development, rice is considered a luxury commodity. With increasing income, demand shifts from coarse grains and root crops to rice. At high levels of income, rice becomes an inferior commodity, and consumers prefer diverse foods with more protein and vitamins, such as vegetables, bread, fish and meat

Call for Food Sufficiency for ASEAN

In this context, and in the light of the food crisis, food security requirements and the issues of climate change, sustainable , organic, ecological friendly agriculture becomes the key strategic response that governments may take, as also emphasized by the report of the International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science, Technology Development (IAASTD), signed by 60 countries and the World Bank.

With food surpluses being traded at local, national, regional and international markets, trade agreements that should be entered by ASEAN should preserve member state’s capacities to exempt sectors important to food security, livelihood security, rural development and poverty alleviation and ensure the benefit for smallholder producers; as well as provide sufficient safeguard measures and remedies.

We ask ASEAN governments, both at national and the regional level to promote sustainable agriculture by redirecting its agricultural investments, funding and policy focus. Specifically, we ask that ASEAN and their member governments to:

- develop a common agricultural policy and action plan that aims to improve access of small poor rural people to land, water and other natural resources, increase their productivity and incomes through sustainable, ecological-friendly agriculture for the benefit of small-scale men and women farmers, fishers and indigenous peoples. The policy and action plan can contain clear objectives, targets, timeframes, and can use participatory processes involving lead agencies and departments and organized groups of small scale men and women farmers, fishers and indigenous peoples. Corollary to this, establish a common agricultural development fund that will help carry out the action plan.

- emphasize the promotion of Sustainable agriculture in ASEAN’s SPA-FS and AIFS framework. The development of this Plan can include workshops with various sectors to provide specific details to the SPA-FS.

- review / revise the ASEAN Rice Reserve/Food Reserve Scheme to help stabilize rice supply and prices in the region; since the true spirit of economic cooperation and integration should be reflected in the way ASEAN addresses the issue of food security in the region.

- regularly consult an advisory council composed of representatives of small-scale men and women agricultural producers (farmers, fishers, indigenous peoples) across the region on policies, programs and initiatives affecting, or has the potential to impact on agriculture.

- provide continuing processes and sustain mechanism that will strengthen social accountability towards realizing the vision for a people-centered ASEAN.

Solidarity with global action for food sufficiency

We, as civil society groups working for sustainable rural development, for the promotion of sustainable, ecological friendly agriculture, and the development of small scale men and women farmers, fishers and indigenous people can cooperate with global action for food sufficiency. We can share our own experiences and technical expertise.

Furthermore, we can help study and monitor how much governments allocate for agricultural programs and services benefiting small scale men and women farmers, fishers and indigenous peoples.

The U.S. Charts a New Path

Overview of the U.S. Problem

The U.S. has been a main driver in promoting global food and agricultural markets. It heavily influences the direction of the world market and is host to some of the major transnational agribusiness corporations and commodity exchange markets. U.S. agricultural policy may have created new global markets but it has had certain negative impacts. U.S. agricultural production is based on energy-intensive approaches such as monocropping, confined animal operations, use of pesticides, GMOs and fertilizers, which have been shown to have damaging effects on biodiversity and the environment. U.S. policy has allowed it to dump its products into other countries at below the cost of production. Dumping has led to problems such as food insecurity, unemployment in the rural sector as well unsustainable migration patterns. U.S. investment has prioritized increased food production and new markets rather than more comprehensive long-lasting healthy solutions for food and agriculture. This approach contributes to market volatility and allows U.S. agribusiness to consolidate operations around the world at the expense of consumers and producers.

What are possible U.S. solutions to the problem?

The U.S. has a responsibility to acknowledge that this approach is not working at home or abroad. It is time to make a change. Moving in a more positive direction, the U.S. should adopt the Right to Food and incorporate it as a guideline for its policymaking. It should create a new Farm Bill in 2013 that is mandated to ensure that all people have access to healthy food, farmers receive a fair price for their production, and that climate-friendly agricultural practices are implemented. It should promote more effective food aid and investment in agriculture. The U.S. should be a leader in addressing market volatility by supporting food stocks and regulations to deter excessive commodity speculation. It should also redirect its trade policy to eliminate dumping practices and allow developing countries to protect their domestic agricultural markets. Finally, the U.S. has a particular challenge to reign in agribusiness from setting national and foreign policy. No tax payer money should be directed to support agribusiness from having any unfair advantage over prioritizing local, resilient food and agricultural systems.

Change we can believe in

The global crises have opened the U.S. public’s eyes to the fact that markets need to be regulated so as to serve social and environmental goals. This, along with the rhetoric and action of the Barak Obama administration to re-engage in the world and to strengthen democracy at home, opens an important window for new rules and actions that meet the needs of the time.

Abastecimiento mundial de bienes - una perspectiva brasileña

La seguridad alimentaria y nutricional está estrechamente relacionada con el proceso de desarrollo, en el cual el sistema agroalimentario y, en particular, los pequeños y medianos los productores, desempeñan un papel destacado.

1. Análisis de la situación en Brasil: dos proyectos en disputa.

- a. Hegemonía de la industria agroalimentaria, que controla la producción, la transformación y la comercialización de los alimentos; cuenta con una fuerte concentración de tierras e incentivos gubernamentales; monocultivo destinado a la exportación; modelo tecnológico que degrada aceleradamente los recursos naturales.

- b. El Brasil rural es también el de la agricultura familiar y las poblaciones tradicionales que tratan de afirmar su especificidad cultural e histórica y que son responsables de la gran mayoría de explotaciones rurales del país, la dinamización de las economías locales, la producción de la mayoría de alimentos destinados al pueblo y la implementación de sistemas de producción más sostenibles (agroecología) y solidarios.

2. Medidas de mejora de la seguridad alimentaria:

- a. Programa Hambre CERO,etc.

- b. El notable aumento de la atención prestada por el Gobierno federal a la agricultura familiar en sus políticas públicas fortalece y hace viables alternativas que potencian y dinamizan las formas familiares de vida y producción: ampliación de recursos y diversificación de las líneas de acción gracias al PRONAF, creación de programas destinados a la promoción de la seguridad alimentaria y nutricional, implementación de programas destinados a garantizar la producción y la comercialización de productos agrícolas (seguro de producción y seguro de precios, compra de alimentos-PAA), definición de una nueva política de asesoramiento técnico y de extensión rural y, por último, Ley de Agricultura Familiar y Ley del SUASA (Sistema Unificado de Atención a la Sanidad Agropecuaria). La ampliación de estas conquistas constituye una posibilidad de avanzar en el fortalecimiento de la agricultura familiar.

3. Posición de la Agricultura Familiar y del CONSEA (Consejo Nacional de Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional):

- a. Creemos que, para construir un proyecto de desarrollo sostenible y solidario, el Estado debe intervenir en la economía con todos los instrumentos de los que dispone a fin de generar las demandas y crear las condiciones necesarias para dar un impulso al mercado interior.

- b. La agricultura familiar es un elemento básico para la definición de una política de desarrollo sostenible y solidario y de soberanía alimentaria y merece todo el apoyo para que se pueda reforzar y garantizar el control de todas las etapas del proceso productivo, valorizando especialmente la producción destinada al autoconsumo y el mercado interior, estimulando la cooperación entre productores y consumidores, basándose en una nueva matriz tecnológica capaz de responder a las crecientes exigencias sociales y ambientales y garantizando el abastecimiento de alimentos saludables y de calidad.

- c. En todas las negociaciones internacionales hay que incluir y favorecer las "consideraciones no comerciales sobre la agricultura" garantizando el ejercicio soberano de políticas de apoyo a la producción y el abastecimiento de alimentos en detrimento de la lógica estrictamente comercial.

- d. Tomando como ejemplo la REAF (Reunión Especializada de Agricultura Familiar) de Mercosur, hay que crear espacios institucionales internacionales que reúnan a los representantes de los Gobiernos y de la sociedad civil a fin de coordinar la presentación de propuestas de medidas técnicas y políticas y garantizar un trato especial y diferenciado, como por ejemplo las políticas de seguridad alimentaria y nutricional, la preservación de la capacidad de producción de bienes y servicios ambientales por parte de la agricultura familiar y las cuestiones relativas a las comunidades tradicionales y los pueblos indígenas.

Links

AGRICULTURAL POLICY& SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENT

- CSA Collectif stratégies alimentaires (FR)
- IAASTD International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development
- IAASTD watch
- FORUM SYNERGIES
- PREPARE Network for Rural partnership
- AbL Arbeitsgemeinschaft bäuerliche Landwirtschaft e.V./ (DE)
- IATP Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy
- IEEP Institute for European Environmental Policy: CAP 2020
- STWR Share The World’s Resources

FOOD SOVEREIGNTY

- La Via Campesina
- EPFS European Platform for Food Sovereignty
- FIAN-International FoodFirst Information and Action Network
- IPC Food Sovereignty
- Forum Nyeleni

FARMING POLICY & DEVELOPMENT

- SOS Faim - Défis Sud
- Forum Umwelt & Entwicklung

WORLD TRADE

- Eco fair trade dialogue
- IFAD The International Fund for Agricultural Development: Rural Poverty and Markets
(Background Paper for Chapter 4 of the Rural Poverty Report, which can be found here: http://www.ifad.org/rural/rpr2008/b...)
- Germanwatch: Welthandel und Ernährung (DE)
- WEED Weltwirtschaft, Ökologie & Entwicklung e.V.

SUSTAINABLE AND ORGANIC AGRICULTURE

- IFOAM International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements
- UNEP-UNCTAD: Publications on Organic Agriculture
http://www.unctad.org/en/docs/ditct...
http://www.unep-unctad.org/cbtf/pub...
- Réseau Agriculture Durable (FR)
- Soil Association Food and Farming
- Réseau Semences Paysannes (FR)
- The Union of Concerned Scientists
- Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE)

SUPPLY MANAGEMENT

- European Milk Board
- CSA Collectif stratégies alimentaires: Gestion de l’offre et mise en marché collective dans la production laitière (FR)
- Boussard/ Delorme: Pour la régulation et la stabilisation des marchés agricoles (FR)
- De La Torre-Ugarte: The need for international supply management

URBAN-RURAL RELATIONSHIPS

- ACGA American Community Gardening Association
- CURE Convention for a sustainable urban and rural Europe
- EFCF European Federation of City Farms
- International Network Urgenci
- ASBL Le début des haricots
- Saveurs Paysannes(FR)
- Stiftung Interkultur

SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION

- Colloque Alimentation soutenable (FR)
- EEB European Environmental Bureau: Conference
- EEA European Environment agency: on household consumption
- Food and Water Watch
- Foodwatch
- WRAP Waste & Resources Action Programme: Food Waste http://www.wrap.org.uk/retail/food_...
http://www.lovefoodhatewaste.com/
- Food Waste: Articles
http://www.sueddeutsche.de/wirtscha... (DE),http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/73893...
http://www.guardian.co.uk/environme...

GMOs

- Friends of the Earth’s European GMO Campaign
- Greenpeace International GMO Campaign
- GENET-The European NGO network on genetic engineering
- GMO-free regions in Europe
- Save our Seeds Campaign Europe
- Green Food Campaign: Collection of topics and studies

AGROFUELS

- Friends of the Earth

FAIR TRADE

- FLO Fairtrade Labelling Organizations International
- GEPA - the Fair Trade Company

FARM ANIMAL WELFARE

- CIWF Compassion in World Farming
- Eurogroup for Animals

DEVELOPMENT

- APRODEV Association of World Council of Churches related Development Organisations in Europe
- CIDSE
- EED German Church Development Service
- Entraide et Fraternité (FR)
- INKOTA-netzwerk e.V. (DE)
- MISEREOR
- Oxfam International
- Welthungerhilfe (DE)

ENVIRONMENT & SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

- BirdLife International on Food Security, Climate Change and Biodiversity
- EEB European Environmental Bureau
- Friends of the Earth International
- Greenpeace International
- Heinrich Boll Foundation
- EEA European Environment agency

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Collectif Stratégies Alimentaires asbl | Bd Léopold II, 184 D - 1080 Bruxelles | Tel : +32 (0)2 412 06 60 - Fax : +32 (0)2 412 06 66 | email contact

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