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Tanzania’s Cotton Sector : Constraints and Challenges in a Global Environment

Auteur: Baffes John
Editeur: John Baffes (The World Bank)
Lieu:
Année: 2002
Pages: 54
Mots-clés: 

"Cotton is Tanzania’s largest export crop
after coffee. Most cotton is exported,
contributing $90 million to export earnings.
Labor is the major input : cotton provides
employment to 500,000 rural households.
Use of other inputs is limited.
Before 1990 most cotton marketing and
trade were handled by cooperative unions
and the Tanzanian Cotton Board. Reform
began slowly in 1990, with the biggest step
coming in 1994 when the government
eliminated the monopoly held by the board
and unions and allowed competition in
marketing and ginning. The reforms
increased the producer’s share of export
prices, but official statistics show no
evidence of a supply response. While
ginning capacity and marketing efficiency
increased considerably, the quality of cotton
declined.
Several issues still need to be addressed."

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